Hydrogen generation from renewable sources
Researchers at the Bavarian Hydrogen Center from both the FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg and the Fraunhofer Institute UMSICHT in Sulzbach-Rosenberg are currently developing technologies and concepts for future generation of renewable hydrogen from biomass or solar and wind energy.
Currently around 93% of the global output of hydrogen is derived from fossil fuels. However, the CO2 emissions associated with the reforming and gasification processes employed are a major problem – the production of one ton of H2 gives rise to the release of around three tons of CO2. New approaches for a CO2-neutral hydrogen economy must be developed in order to tackle the progressive climate change caused by fossil fuel CO2 emissions.
Examples of the current research approaches for the generation of renewable hydrogen include hydrothermal and thermochemical processes, biomass gasification, the photobiological and photo(electro)catalytic splitting of water and production by light-independent fermentation of biomass. In addition, at the Bavarian Hydrogen Centre methods for hydrogen purification will be explored and corresponding processes thermodynamically modeled and evaluated.Contact
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jürgen Karl
Chair of Energy Process Engineering
Telephone: +49 (0) 911 / 5302 – 9021